5 ways to stop overthinking

Overthinking refers to excessive or repetitive thinking about a particular issue, situation, or problem. It involves dwelling on a specific thought, idea, or scenario for an extended period, often without reaching a resolution or taking any constructive action. Overthinking tends to be negative and unproductive, leading to increased worry, anxiety, and stress.


People who overthink may find themselves caught in a cycle of rumination, where they continuously replay past events or imagine future scenarios, analysing every detail and possible outcome. This excessive mental processing can prevent individuals from making decisions, taking risks, or moving forward. It can also impair their ability to focus on the here and now and enjoy their current opportunities and experiences.

Overthinking can stem from various factors, such as perfectionism, fear of failure, a need for control, low self-esteem, or past traumatic experiences. In addition, it is often connected with conditions such as anxiety and can exacerbate existing mental health conditions.

While some level of thinking and analysing is necessary and beneficial in certain situations, overthinking becomes problematic when it is significantly impeding our day-to-day lives and well-being. 

Managing overthinking often involves developing self-awareness, challenging negative thought patterns, practising mindfulness or relaxation techniques, seeking support from others, and focusing on problem-solving rather than excessive analysis.

Why do people overthink?

People may overthink for a variety of reasons. However, here are some common factors that contribute to overthinking:


Individuals with perfectionistic tendencies may overthink as they constantly strive for flawlessness and fear making mistakes or facing criticism. They may overanalyse every detail and obsess over finding the 'perfect' solution or outcome.

Fear of the unknown

Uncertainty about the future or the situation's outcome can lead to overthinking. People may try to predict all possible scenarios, analyse risks, and seek reassurance to alleviate anxiety. However, this excessive analysis can become a cycle that never reaches a resolution.


Past experiences, especially negative ones, can trigger overthinking. People may repeatedly replay events in their minds, analysing what went wrong or imagining alternative outcomes. Rumination often occurs when trying to make sense of a distressing event or seeking closure.

Lack of control

When faced with situations beyond their control, individuals may resort to overthinking to regain control. Obsessively analysing and planning, they hope to anticipate and mitigate potential problems.

Low self-esteem

People with low self-esteem may overthink as they doubt their abilities, judgment, or self-worth. They may constantly seek validation, replaying conversations or interactions in their minds and assuming negative interpretations of others' words or actions.

Anxiety and worry

Overthinking is closely linked to anxiety disorders. Excessive worry and fear can lead individuals to engage in repetitive thinking patterns to prevent negative outcomes or alleviate anxiety. However, this often perpetuates the cycle of overthinking.

It's important to note that everyone's reasons for overthinking can vary, and multiple factors may contribute to this pattern of thought. Overthinking can also become a habit over time, reinforced by temporary relief from distressing emotions or the belief that excessive analysis will lead to better outcomes.

5 tips to help with overthinking

Here are five tips to help manage overthinking:

1. Practice mindfulness

Mindfulness involves intentionally focusing on the present moment without judgment. It can help redirect your attention away from repetitive thoughts and bring you back to the here and now. Practice day-to-day activities that can help promote a more mindful approach to life, such as deep breathing exercises, pilates, yoga and meditation. These practices can help relax us, still your mind and reduce overthinking.

2. Challenge negative thoughts

Overthinking often involves negative or irrational thoughts. Challenge these thoughts by questioning their validity and providing evidence to counter them. Replace negative thoughts with more realistic ones. Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) techniques, such as cognitive restructuring, can help identify and reframe negative thinking patterns.

3. Set time limits for decision-making

Indecisiveness can contribute to overthinking. To avoid being paralysed by our overthinking, set specific time limits for making decisions. Allocate a reasonable amount of time to gather information and consider options, but choose and take action once the time is up. Trust your judgment and remind yourself that no decision is ever perfect.

4. Engage in productive problem-solving

Instead of endlessly mulling over problems, focus on finding practical solutions. Break down the issue into smaller, manageable steps and brainstorm potential solutions. Take action on those solutions, evaluate their effectiveness, and adjust as necessary. Shifting your focus from dwelling on the problem to actively seeking solutions can help break the cycle of overthinking.

5. Seek support

Don't hesitate to speak with trusted friends, family, or professionals for support. Sharing your concerns and thoughts with others can provide perspective, validation, and alternative viewpoints. A supportive network can offer guidance and help you gain new insights into your situation, alleviating some excessive thinking.

Remember that overcoming overthinking takes time and practice. Be patient and allow yourself to celebrate the small victories along the way. 

If overthinking significantly interferes with your daily life and well-being, consider seeking assistance from a mental health professional who can provide tailored strategies and support.

Can counselling help with overthinking?

Yes, counselling can be very beneficial in helping individuals manage and overcome overthinking. A trained counsellor or therapist can provide support, guidance, and tools to address the underlying causes of overthinking and develop strategies to manage it effectively.

Here's how counselling can help with overthinking:

Identifying underlying issues

A counsellor can help you explore the root causes of your overthinking patterns. They can help you gain insight into a variety of factors that can contribute to excessive thinking, such as past experiences, cognitive patterns, or underlying emotional concerns. Understanding these underlying issues can be a crucial step towards managing overthinking.

Cognitive-behavioural techniques

Many counselling approaches, such as Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), are highly effective in addressing overthinking. CBT focuses on challenging and modifying negative thought patterns, replacing them with more balanced and realistic thinking. It helps individuals develop healthier thinking habits, challenge irrational beliefs, and reframe their perspectives.

Relaxation and stress management

Counselling can teach you various relaxation techniques and stress management strategies to help you still your mind and reduce tension. These techniques may include deep breathing exercises, progressive muscle relaxation, guided imagery, or mindfulness practices. Learning to manage stress effectively can prevent overthinking from spiralling out of control.

Emotional regulation

Overthinking often accompanies strong emotions, such as anxiety or worry. A counsellor can help you develop skills for emotional regulation, which involve understanding and managing your emotions healthily. By developing emotional awareness and coping strategies, you can reduce the intensity of emotions contributing to overthinking.

Support and validation

Discussing your overthinking patterns with a counsellor provides a supportive and non-judgmental space. They can validate your experiences, provide empathy, and offer guidance. Sometimes, simply talking about your concerns and having someone listen attentively can provide relief and clarity.

Finding a counsellor or therapist specialising in cognitive-behavioural approaches, anxiety management, or mindfulness-based interventions can be important. 

They can tailor their therapeutic techniques to address your concerns about overthinking. However, also remember that counselling is a collaborative process, and the counsellor will work with you to develop strategies and tools that resonate with you and your unique circumstances.

Can Hope Therapy and Counselling Services help with your overthinking?

Hope has an extensive team of counsellors, many of which have immediate availability. So if you are looking for a counsellor who is experienced in supporting your overthinking, simply get in touch to find out more.

The views expressed in this article are those of the author. All articles published on Counselling Directory are reviewed by our editorial team.

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Wantage OX12 & Rickmansworth WD3
Written by Hope Therapy & Counselling Services, Offering Counselling, CBT, Hypnotherapy, EMDR & Mindfulness.
Wantage OX12 & Rickmansworth WD3

Ian Stockbridge is the founder and lead counsellor at Hope Therapy and Counselling Services. 

As an experienced Counsellor, Ian recognised a huge societal need for therapeutic services that were often not being met. As such the 'Hope Agency'was born and its counselling team now offers counselling and therapeutic support throughout the UK.

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