Understanding parts work therapy: A path to inner harmony

Throughout my work with clients, I have witnessed remarkable outcomes through the incorporation of parts therapy as one of my modalities. This approach has proven instrumental in guiding clients from negative self-thinking towards a more positive and realistic understanding of the self.


By facilitating a connection with various aspects of themselves, parts therapy has enabled clients to gain profound insights into their own identity. This process involves recognising when these different parts were developed and understanding their original purposes.

What is parts work therapy? 

Parts work therapy delves into the intricate facets of human psychology, proposing that within each of us reside distinct "parts" capable of independent thought, emotion, and action. If you've ever found yourself torn between conflicting impulses, such as the desire to rest versus the need to fulfil responsibilities, you're already acquainted with the essence of parts work.

Traumatic experiences can imprint themselves on these internal parts, causing them to replay past hurts and perpetuate patterns of behaviour that leave us feeling trapped or disconnected from our intended course of action.

In the realm of parts work, we come to realise that our internal landscape is populated by diverse and sometimes contradictory modes of thought, feeling, and behaviour. For instance, in the quest for therapy, one part of you may be eager to embark on the journey toward healing, while another part may harbour doubts and fears, sabotaging your efforts.

Similarly, in moments of distress or stagnation, you may find yourself contending with different parts fighting for dominance. Whether it's feeling trapped in a familiar role from the past, grappling with persistent negative emotions triggered by external events, or experiencing heightened vigilance stemming from past trauma, each instance underscores the presence of distinct parts within us.

In cases of relationship-related trauma, certain parts of ourselves may remain ensnared in past wounds, perpetuating maladaptive patterns of thought and behaviour. Parts work therapy revolves around illuminating these internal dynamics, fostering integration and harmony among the various facets of our psyche.

A notable benefit of parts therapy is its ability to cultivate compassion within clients. As they gain insights into the origins and intentions of various parts, individuals often find themselves more empathetic towards their own struggles. This heightened sense of compassion becomes a valuable tool in overcoming challenges and fostering a more positive self-image.


Identifying the various parts within yourself is a deeply introspective process that involves reflection and self-awareness. Consider moments when you've felt conflicting emotions or impulses, and contemplate whether there's a part of you that tends to either sabotage or protect you in those situations.

Once you've identified such a part, reflect on the circumstances in which it tends to manifest. Is it during times of stress, uncertainty, or vulnerability? Understanding the triggers can provide valuable insight into the nature of this internal aspect.

Having recognised this part of yourself and its associated situations, engage in a dialogue with it. Ask probing questions to uncover its underlying motivations and intentions. What is it trying to communicate to you? What does it need from you in order to fulfil its role, whether that be protection or sabotage? Allow yourself to sit with these questions and observe what arises. If no immediate answers surface, that's perfectly alright; patience and persistence are key.

Consider utilising journaling as a tool for deeper exploration. Writing down your thoughts, feelings, and observations can help facilitate a connection with the different parts of yourself. By externalising your inner dialogue onto paper, you may find it easier to navigate and understand the complexities of your psyche.

Remember, this process of identifying and engaging with internal parts is a journey of self-discovery and growth. Approach it with curiosity, compassion, and an open mind, knowing that each insight gained brings you closer to greater self-understanding and integration.

If you're interested in discovering how parts therapy can contribute to your personal healing journey, please don't hesitate to reach out to me for an initial conversation. I eagerly await the opportunity to connect with you and discuss how we can work together towards your well-being.

The views expressed in this article are those of the author. All articles published on Counselling Directory are reviewed by our editorial team.

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London N10 & E14
Written by Barbara Josik, Counsellor & Psychotherapist MBACP
London N10 & E14

I am psychodynamic, integrative therapist working with clients in private practice. I have worked in a variety of mental health and therapeutic settings, supporting individuals struggling with a range of issues, including anxiety, depression, abuse, social anxiety, childhood trauma, relationship issues, family issues and many more.

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