Cognitive and behavioural therapies
Behavioural therapies are based on the way you think (cognitive) and/or the way you behave. These therapies recognise that it is possible to change, or recondition, our thoughts or behaviour to overcome specific problems.
Acceptance and commitment therapy (or ACT) is a form of behavioural analysis that uses acceptance and mindfulness strategies to help increase psychological flexibility. While the therapy isn't considered a long-term treatment, it is considered helpful in the treatment of depression, anxiety and other psychological disorders.
Behavioural therapy focuses on an individual's learnt, or conditioned, behaviour and how this can be changed. The approach assumes that if a behaviour can be learnt, then it can be unlearnt (or reconditioned) so is useful for dealing with issues such as phobias or addictions.
Cognitive analytic therapy brings together ideas from both cognitive therapy and analytic psychology into one integrative model. By looking at past experience, the therapy aims to help clients understand why they think or behave in a certain way, before looking to develop new ways of coping.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) combines cognitive and behavioural therapies. The approach focuses on thoughts, emotions, physical feelings and actions, and teaches clients how each one can have an effect on the other. CBT is useful for dealing with a number of issues, including depression, anxiety and phobias.
Cognitive therapy deals with thoughts and perceptions, and how these can affect feelings and behaviour. By reassessing negative thoughts an individual can learn more flexible, positive ways of thinking, which can ultimately affect their feelings and behaviour towards those thoughts.
You may also be interested in
What our experts say
- Social anxiety disorder – a seasonal epidemic
Geoff Boutle MBACP (Snr Accred)30th November, 2016
- An insight into depression
Rozmin Mukhi MA Ad Dip UKCP MBACP Sen Acc4th July, 2016
- What do Cara Delevingne and Buzz have in common? Depression
Andrew Sweeting. CBT Therapist. (BSc, MSc, Pg Dip)20th June, 2016
- Facing your most challenging obsessions
JANET JOOSTEN ( CBT therapist, Existential therapist, Integrative counsellor19th January, 2016
- Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) - Clocks and counselling
Geoff Boutle MBACP (Snr Accred)27th October, 2014