Understanding and overcoming depression

Depression is a pervasive and debilitating mental health condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It can significantly impact an individual’s daily life, relationships, and overall well-being. Recognising the signs of depression and seeking appropriate help is crucial for recovery.


Counselling is one of the most effective interventions for managing and overcoming depression. This article explores the signs of depression, the benefits of counselling, and how different therapeutic approaches can support individuals in their journey towards mental health.

Signs of depression

Depression is more than just feeling sad or going through a rough patch. It's a serious mental health condition that requires attention and care. The symptoms of depression can vary in severity and duration, but common signs include:

  • Persistent sadness or low mood: A continuous feeling of sadness, emptiness or hopelessness that lasts for most of the day, nearly every day.
  • Loss of interest or pleasure: A marked decrease in interest or pleasure in all or almost all, activities that were once enjoyed.
  • Changes in appetite and weight: Significant weight loss or gain or a noticeable increase or decrease in appetite.
  • Sleep disturbances: Insomnia or excessive sleeping (hypersomnia) that affects daily functioning.
  • Fatigue or loss of energy: A constant feeling of tiredness or lack of energy, even after adequate rest.
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt: Excessive or inappropriate feelings of guilt, worthlessness or self-blame.
  • Difficulty concentrating: Trouble focusing, making decisions or remembering things.
  • Psychomotor agitation or retardation: Noticeable restlessness or slowed physical movements.
  • Thoughts of death or suicide: Recurrent thoughts of death, suicidal ideation or attempts at suicide.

It's important to note that these symptoms must be present for at least two weeks for a diagnosis of depression to be considered. If you or someone you know is experiencing these symptoms, seeking professional help is essential.

How counselling can help

Counselling, also known as therapy or psychotherapy, provides a supportive and non-judgemental space where individuals can explore their thoughts, feelings, and behaviours. It aims to help individuals understand the root causes of their depression, develop coping strategies, and create positive changes in their lives. Here are several ways in which counselling can help with depression:

Understanding and identifying triggers

Counselling helps individuals gain insight into the underlying causes of their depression. By identifying triggers and patterns, individuals can develop a better understanding of their condition and how it affects their lives.

Developing coping strategies

Counsellors work with individuals to develop practical strategies for managing depressive symptoms. This can include techniques for stress management, relaxation exercises, and problem-solving skills.

Challenging negative thought patterns

Depression often involves negative and distorted thinking patterns. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), a common counselling approach, focuses on identifying and challenging these negative thoughts, replacing them with more realistic and positive ones.

Improving emotional regulation

Counselling helps individuals learn how to regulate their emotions effectively. This includes understanding and expressing emotions in a healthy way, which can reduce the intensity and frequency of depressive episodes.

Building support networks

Counsellors can help individuals strengthen their support networks by improving communication skills and fostering healthier relationships. A strong support system is crucial for recovery and maintaining mental health.

Increasing self-esteem and self-worth

Through therapy, individuals can work on building their self-esteem and self-worth. This involves recognising and challenging self-critical thoughts and developing a more compassionate and positive self-view.

Addressing co-occurring issues

Depression often co-occurs with other mental health conditions, such as anxiety or substance abuse. Counselling can address these co-occurring issues, providing a comprehensive approach to treatment.

Types of counselling approaches

Different counselling approaches can be tailored to meet the unique needs of individuals with depression. Some of the most effective therapies include:

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)

CBT is a structured, time-limited therapy that focuses on identifying and changing negative thought patterns and behaviours. It's highly effective for treating depression and is supported by extensive research.

Interpersonal therapy (IPT)

IPT focuses on improving interpersonal relationships and communication skills. It helps individuals understand and address the interpersonal issues that may contribute to their depression.

Psychodynamic therapy

Psychodynamic therapy explores the unconscious processes and unresolved conflicts that may underlie depression. It aims to increase self-awareness and insight, helping individuals understand the root causes of their condition.

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT)

MBCT combines cognitive therapy with mindfulness practices. It helps individuals become more aware of their thoughts and feelings, reducing the risk of relapse by promoting a non-judgemental acceptance of their experiences.

Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT)

Originally developed for borderline personality disorder, DBT is also effective for depression. It focuses on teaching skills for emotional regulation, distress tolerance, and interpersonal effectiveness.

Humanistic therapy

Approaches such as person-centred therapy and gestalt therapy focus on self-exploration and personal growth. They emphasise the individual's capacity for self-healing and aim to create a supportive and empathetic therapeutic environment.

The benefits of counselling

Engaging in counselling for depression offers numerous benefits, including:

  • Increased self-awareness: Counselling helps individuals gain a deeper understanding of their thoughts, feelings, and behaviours, leading to greater self-awareness and personal insight.
  • Enhanced coping skills: Therapy provides individuals with practical tools and strategies to manage their symptoms and cope with life’s challenges more effectively.
  • Improved relationships: By improving communication and interpersonal skills, counselling can enhance relationships with family, friends, and colleagues.
  • Greater emotional resilience: Counselling helps individuals develop resilience, enabling them to bounce back from setbacks and manage stress more effectively.
  • Long-term recovery: Therapy not only addresses the immediate symptoms of depression but also promotes long-term recovery by addressing underlying issues and fostering personal growth.

Depression is a complex and challenging condition that affects many aspects of an individual’s life. Recognising the signs of depression and seeking help is crucial for recovery. Counselling offers a supportive and effective approach to managing and overcoming depression, providing individuals with the tools and strategies they need to lead healthier and more fulfilling lives.

By exploring the underlying causes of depression, developing coping skills, and fostering emotional resilience, counselling can make a profound difference in the journey towards mental health and well-being. If you or someone you know is struggling with depression, consider reaching out to a qualified counsellor to start the path to recovery.

The views expressed in this article are those of the author. All articles published on Counselling Directory are reviewed by our editorial team.

Share this article with a friend
Stroud GL5 & Gloucester GL1
Written by Hope Therapy & Counselling Services
Stroud GL5 & Gloucester GL1

Written by Hope Therapy & Counselling Services
Hope Therapy & Counselling Services are dedicated to providing comprehensive and compassionate mental health and wellbeing support to individuals, couples, and families. Our team of experienced and qualified counsellors & therapists are committed to helping clients navigate life's challenges...

Show comments

Find a therapist dealing with Depression

All therapists are verified professionals

All therapists are verified professionals