Counselling for dyspraxia, dyslexia and related conditions

Neurodiversity is an umbrella term. It refers to conditions that are present from birth and characteristics of neurodiversity can include exceptional abilities, originality, determination, creativity, strategic thinking and empathy. That being said, neurodiverse conditions can also cause difficulties with literacy, numeracy, memory, organisation, concentration, perception, coordination, and listening skills. It is thought that 20% of the population has significant difficulties and that many more of us have some degree of neurodivergence.


Types of neurodiverse conditions

Below is a summary of neurodiverse conditions to be aware of. They can occur singly or in various combinations:

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Those with ADHD may find themselves easily distracted, impulsive, experiencing temper outbursts and becoming quickly frustrated.

Autistic spectrum

Those on the autism spectrum may notice obsessiveness, social and communication difficulties and literal thinking.


Those with dyscalculia experience difficulties with numbers and maths.


Dyslexia can impact a person's learning and may lead to difficulties with sequencing, reading, writing and spelling.


Those with dyspraxia can experience poor balance, coordination, spatial awareness, organisation and memory.

Tourettes syndrome

This results in verbal and/or physical tics and may lead to obsessions and compulsions.

In this video, counsellor and coach Louise Taylor explains more about neurodiversity, including her own journey in embracing life as an autistic adult.

Challenges that can be explored in counselling

People with neurodiverse conditions can have problems 'fitting' in within their family, the educational system, and work and social situations. They often struggle with tasks which the majority of us take for granted and can be likely to underachieve educationally unless their condition is understood and provided for.

They may have to deal with bullying and labels such as lazy, stupid, naughty, immature and strange. This can result in low confidence and low self-esteem, loneliness and depression. There may be anxiety and frustration around managing daily activities and distress associated with feeling different and a failure.

"Everyone says I'm stupid but I know I'm not. I wish someone could understand what it's like to be me."

- Eight-year-old boy who is dyspraxic.

What are the benefits of counselling?

Your counsellor will respect and value you and will want to understand your experiences and the challenges you face. Talking to a qualified therapist can help you to come to terms with past experiences and to address current issues. Counselling is an opportunity to get to know yourself at a deeper level. It can enable you to feel more confident and empower you to make decisions and changes in your life.

People who have a child, sibling or spouse with the conditions I have described also face particular challenges and can benefit from exploring these with the support and understanding of an experienced counsellor.

If you're looking for a counsellor to help with any of the issues discussed in this article, use the search tool to find a professional you resonate with. You can contact them to learn more about how they can help and they will explain how the process will work from there.

The views expressed in this article are those of the author. All articles published on Counselling Directory are reviewed by our editorial team.

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Stanmore, Middlesex, HA7
Written by Paula Newman, MBACP (Senior Accred) Counsellor / Supervisor
Stanmore, Middlesex, HA7

 I enjoy counselling and supervising people from many different walks of life, the bonds that we form with each other are at the heart of therapy. Counselling can be a journey of discovery, it can also be challenging and emotional. It is my intention to provide an empathic, genuine and supporti...


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