The study by Warwick University (UK) and Duke University (U.S.) tracked over 1,400 people between the ages of nine and 26.
Researchers sought to discover whether bullied children grow up differently to others, and concluded that contrary to previous beliefs, bullying should not be dismissed as a ‘harmless rite of passage’.
The participants were divided into three groups – victims, bullies and those who had been both bullies and victims (called bully-victims).
The researchers found that bully-victims experience the most negative outcomes of all three groups. These people were described in the report as “easily provoked, low in self-esteem, poor at understanding social cues, and unpopular with peers.”
These people were also six times more likely to...